U.S. Governors: When representative government isn’t representative

I’ll be a bit annoying here and quote Wikipedia: Representative democracy, also known as indirect democracy or representative government, is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy. Wikipedia Essentially all Western democracies, including the U.S., use this representative form of government. The question we’re asking here is:Continue reading “U.S. Governors: When representative government isn’t representative”

Are Blacks killed more often by police? U.S. arrest-related deaths by race

The death of George Floyd is just one of numerous recent, high-profile deaths of Black citizens at the hands of the police. While the overall number of U.S. citizens who die in police custody, or in the process of being put into custody, is dishearteningly high, the question is whether there is a notable differenceContinue reading “Are Blacks killed more often by police? U.S. arrest-related deaths by race”

Google employment by race, 2020

In the U.S. population as a whole, 13.4% of the population is Black. At a company like Google, with more than 100,000 employees, equity would suggest that roughly 13.4% of Google’s total employees would be Black. They are not. As the table below shows, the percentage of Black employees, at 3.7%, is far below whatContinue reading “Google employment by race, 2020”

Princeton University enrollment by race

Consider the entire U.S. population by race. At a large university like Princeton, we would expect to see a racial makeup that’s roughly the same as the U.S. population as a whole. That is, if we live in a society with racial equality, and everyone, regardless of race, has the same shot at getting anContinue reading “Princeton University enrollment by race”

U.S. median pre-tax family income by race

The table below shows the median pre-tax family income in the U.S., separated by race. Since the median is the middle value of a distribution, this data, as opposed to the mean/average, does not take into account the general overall income inequality in the country. That is, when you take into account that a smallContinue reading “U.S. median pre-tax family income by race”

Harvard University enrollment by race

By looking at the entire U.S. population by race, we should get a picture of what the racial makeup of a large university like Harvard would look like. At least, that should be the case in a roughly equal society, where all races have similar resources and opportunities. The racial makeup of the country isContinue reading “Harvard University enrollment by race”

U.S. educational attainment by race

Data from the U.S. Census Bureau shows the highest level of education attained. In an equal society, we would expect to see roughly similar levels of educational attainment across races. Here, we see that while 1.3% of Whites had less than a 9th grade education, more than twice that percentage (2.3x) of Blacks had lessContinue reading “U.S. educational attainment by race”

U.S. prisoners by race

According to the Bureau of Justice, in 2018, there were more than 1.2 million prisoners in state and federal prisons. Of those, 465,200 were Black, 430,500 were White, and 330,200 were Hispanic. In order to fully appreciate this data, it’s helpful to know the breakdown of the total U.S. population by race. While the majorityContinue reading “U.S. prisoners by race”